Milling your own flour from organic heritage grains can have numerous health benefits, as it allows you to have control over the quality and type of grains you use, and can also provide fresher, nutrient-rich flour.
First, milling your own flour allows you to choose the type of grain you use. Heritage grains, such as einkorn, emmer, and spelt, are ancient varieties of wheat that have been grown for thousands of years. These grains are often more nutrient-dense and easier to digest than modern, highly-hybridized wheat varieties, as they contain a higher amount of vitamins, minerals, and protein, and a lower amount of gluten. In contrast, modern wheat has been modified to have a higher yield and be more resistant to pests, but these changes have also led to a decrease in nutritional value and an increase in gluten content.
Milling your own flour also allows you to choose organic grains, which are grown without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. These chemicals can have negative effects on both human health and the environment, and choosing organic grains can help to reduce your exposure to them. In addition, organic farming practices often prioritize soil health and biodiversity, which can result in more nutrient-rich grains.
Furthermore, milling your own flour allows you to have fresher flour. Commercially-milled flour is often processed and stored for long periods of time before it reaches the consumer, which can lead to a loss of nutrients and flavor. In contrast, when you mill your own flour, you are able to grind it just before use, ensuring that it is as fresh and nutrient-rich as possible.
In terms of specific health benefits, milled heritage grains have been shown to have a number of advantages. Einkorn, for example, has a higher amount of lutein and zeaxanthin, two antioxidants that are important for eye health. Emmer has a lower glycemic index than modern wheat, which means that it is absorbed more slowly by the body and can help to regulate blood sugar levels. Spelt has a higher amount of antioxidants and minerals such as iron, zinc, and copper, and is also easier to digest for some people who are sensitive to wheat.
Milling your own flour can also be a more sustainable option, as it reduces the need for transportation and packaging. In addition, many heritage grains are grown using traditional methods that prioritize soil health and biodiversity, which can have a positive impact on the environment.
In summary, milling your own flour from organic heritage grains can have numerous health benefits, including the ability to choose nutrient-rich, easier-to-digest grains and reduce your exposure to synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. It can also provide fresher, more flavorful flour, and can be a more sustainable option. While it does require some additional effort and equipment, the benefits of milling your own flour are well worth it for those who are looking to improve their overall health and nutrition.